Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory. As India got independence on 15th of august 1947, there are many facts behind the independence of India.
As Jana Gana Mana was written by Gurudev RabindraNath Tagore is considered to be penned down to pay homage to the Emperor. Jana Gana Mana’ was written down to praise King George V.He sang the song on December 27th, 1911 at Calcutta on the day of Indian National Congress Convention that was also attended by the King. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in Ananda Math, ‘Vande Mataram’, the song and the war cry, was synonymous with India’s fight for independence. It was first sung on a political stage at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress, 15 years before Rabindranath Tagore’s ‘Jana Gana Mana’ made its debut there (on December 27, 1911).
Is Nehru supposed to be our first Prime Minister? There were nominations from the Congress committee for the PM position. On the contrary, 12 out of 15 Congress committees nominated Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel. The remaining three Congress committees did not nominate any body’s name. Mahathma Gandhi requested for proposers for Nehru. Gandhi conveyed to Nehru that no PCC has nominated his name and that only a few CWC members have nominated him.
Nehru was defiant and made it clear that he will not play second fiddle to anybody. Disappointed Gandhi gave into Nehru’s obduracy and asked Sardar Patel to withdraw his name. Sardar Patel had immense respect for Gandhi and he withdrew his candidature without wasting any time. And it paved the way for the coronation of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru as India’s first Prime Minister.
National flag was hoisted first on August 7, 1906 at the Parsee Bagan Square in Calcutta. The flag was composed of horizontal strips of red, yellow and green. The red strip at the top had eight white lotuses embossed on it in a row. The green strip had a white sun on the left and a white crescent and star on the right. The current flag has three colors in it. The top strip saffron stands for courage and sacrifice; the middle portion white for peace, truth, purity and green for faith, fertility and chivalry. The Ashok Chakra at the centre of the flag — righteousness. It is said that the first version of the current national flag was made by Pingali Venkayya at Bezwada in 1921. It was made up of two colors-red and green-representing the two major communities. Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip to represent the remaining communities of India and the spinning wheel to symbolize progress of the Nation. Mountbatten chose the day since Aug 15 as it also commemorated the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allied Forces. North Korea, South Korea, Bahrain and Republic of the Congo share their independence day with India.
The 14th of August 1947 was the historic day when British colonial rule ended, and India won its independence.A new nation was also born Pakistan the border lines created on a hastily drawn map.What followed was on an unprecedented level 15 million people swapped countries as Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs feared discrimination if they stayed where they were.The mass migration cost more than a million lives.There have been three wars between India and Pakistan since Independence Day,divided Kashmir remains disputed, and religious and ethnic intolerance continues.But that has not stopped the celebrations throughout the two countries. A 31 gun salute marked the occasion in Pakistan’s capital Islamabad.