Swachh Sarvekshan 2018 is the third consecutive survey taken by the Modi’s government after the success of Swachh sarvekshan 2016 and Swachh sarvekshan 2017 to check and improve sanitary conditions across the cities of India. It is the first pan India exercise and is the largest in the world. The survey will focus on compliance with the Solid Waste Management Rules,2016.
Swachh sarvekshan was officially launched on 31st July 2017 with an aim to put a check on 4041 cities and 431 towns about the sanitary conditions. The cities and the towns will be ranked on the basis of their sustainability, Segregation of waste at source, liquid waste management, most importantly the improved sanitary services, the citizens connect and the visible outcomes that are observed under this survey by the union government of India.
The cities are expected to prepare in the next six months.Schools and hospitals will also participate in this survey. The result of the ranking will be announced in March next year.
To encourage the people to participate more in this mission. A song ‘Swachhata Ki Jyot Jagi Hai’ was also launched.The song features messages from Amitabh Bachchan and Sachin Tendulkar.
Change in the Parameters
It is remarkable that the Union Ministry of India is considering the suggestions of different people in India regarding the methodology made previously, so they have revised the methodology of this survey.
There have been 71 parameters assigned under this scheme to know whether the sanitary conditions in the cities of India is well maintained. The marking will be done out of 4000.A component of negative marking is also included as one of the parameters in this regard if any city government ‘s claims are found to be incorrect by any of the independent surveyors, they will have to suffer from a decrement of 33% in their total, besides getting zero marks in respect of such parameters. This will prevent them from making false claims.
Under the revised methodology to judge the sanitation, the distribution of the weightage given is changed. Before 45% weightage was allotted to the self-declaration by municipalities,25%weightage was allotted assessment by independent surveyors and 30% weightage was given to citizens’ feedback.
Now municipalities have 35% weightage, citizens’ feedback have 35% weightage and independent surveyors have 30% weightage. The feedback will be taken on social media, digital apps, phone calls, focused group discussions and face to face interactions. The component wise weightage has been changed processing and disposal have 25% weightage, a new component of innovation weighing 5% has been added. The weightage of collection and transportation has been reduced from 40% to 30%.
The survey will also reward the outcomes of the city governments and the notifications issued by state related to the disposal of waste, recycle the waste, Maintenace of public toilets and other technologies used in treating the waste.
In Swachh Survekshan 2016, out of 73 cities with population more than 10 lakhs, Mysuru was declared as the cleanest city.
In Swachh Survekshan 2017, out of 434 cities with population more than 1 lakh, Indore was declared as the cleanest city.